HUBUNGAN ASUPAN LEMAK, PUFA DAN KOLESTEROL DENGAN KADAR KOLESTEROL DARAH PADA MAHASISWA POLITEKNIK KESEHATAN YOGYAKARTA

Diah Kusuma Ningrum1, Irianton Aritonang2, Sumirah3

ABSTRACT

Background:Increased blood cholesterol is a risk factor for the formation of coronary heart
disease. The linkage of blood cholesterol with fat as a source of calorie intake shows improvement. Consuming fat use higher will disproportionately increase blood cholesterol levels. Total fat intake will lower blood cholesterol levels of PUFA. Reducing cholesterol will give the effect of lowering blood cholesterol levels. Student of Health Polytechnic of Yogyakarta is an adult who needs to maintain health status. Therefore, research should be conducted to determine whether there is a relationship between fat intake, intake of PUFAs and cholesterol intake with blood cholesterol levels in college students.

Objective:To identify the correlation between fat intake, intake of PUFAs and cholesterol intake with blood cholesterol levels in Yogyakarta Health Polytechnic student

Methods:The research is observational with cross sectional and its located in Health Polytechnic of Yogyakarta. The sample of this study is 99 students Diploma III semester I and II of Yogyakarta Health Polytechnic in 2009/2010. Samples were analyzed by systematic random sampling. Data collected include identifying the sample, the total fat intake, PUFA intake, cholesterol intake and blood cholesterol levels. Fat intake, intake of PUFAs and cholesterol intake from food records obtained during three consecutive days. Blood cholesterol levels obtained with CHOD-PAP method (enzymatic photometric test). Testing research hypotheses with Karl Pearson correlation test and partial correlation test.

Results:As many as 77.8% samples total fat intake as recommended; sample 64% of PUFA intake as recommended, 75.8% of the sample of cholesterol intake as recommended. As many as 92% of normal blood cholesterol levels in samples, less than 200 mg/dl. Statistical analysis shows that no correlation between fat intake, intake of PUFAs and cholesterol intake with blood cholesterol levels.

Conclusion:No correlation between fat intake, PUFA intake and cholesterol intake with blood cholesterol levels.

Key Words:Fat Intake, PUFA Intake, Cholesterol Intake, Blood Cholesterol

1) Alumni Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Yogyakarta
2,3) Dosen Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Yogyakarta

Item type          : Jurnal Ilmiah
Bibliografi        : Jurnal NUTRISIA VOL. 13, NO. 1, Maret 2011, ISSN 1693-945X
Subject             : Gizi Klinik
Deposted by    : Admin Jurusan Gizi
Deposted on    : 30 Januari 2012


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