HARGA DIRI DAN DEPRESI : SEBUAH META-ANALISIS

   

Jenita DT Donsu

 ABSTRACT

            The result of meta-analysis on 22 study from 6.039 subjects show that self-esteem is positively correlated to depression (r= 0,204). This result can indicate that hypothesis expressing there is correlation between self-esteem and depression can be accepted. The difference in variance correlation can among other, because by sampling error (33,33%) and error in measurement of independen and dependent variables (10,83%). Individual which is depression trust that he over a barrel and do not have self-esteem and also strengthto repair situation. Appearance of negative cognition to individual which marked with self-confidence appearance that worthless self, unable to and do not be expected by hence this situation will make worse depression.

Key words : Self-esteem, depression, meta-analysis

Bibliografi : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.6, No.2, September 2010

Posted by : admin Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Posted on : 17 Nopember 2014

Text lengkap : Naskah lengkap HARGA DIRI DAN DEPRESI

FIVE FINGERS ON THE EFFECT OF HYPNOSIS ANXIETY REDUCTION IN BREAST CANCER PATIENTS

Jenita D.T. Donsu, Rosa D. Ekwantini, Sri Arini Rinawati

Abstract

 Prevalence of breast cancer gradually increase in Indonesian. Breast  cancer was the second cancer among cancer woman in Indonesian. Prevalence of breast cancer in Indonesia was 18.6 each 100.000 woman (YKI, 2006). Breast cancer leading anxiety in woman who suffer from it. To study percentage of anxiety among woman who suffer from breast cancer, influence of “five finger hypnotic” to reducing anxiety in woman suffer from breast cancer. A quasi experiment with pre test-post test one group design without control group study to obtain 30 early stage breast cancer woman on admission. Presence of anxiety, grade of anxiety were assessed before and after five finger hypnotic treatment for 10–15 minutes. From 30 enrolled early stage breast cancer woman were 17 woman (56.7%) have light anxiety, 13 woman (43,3%) have mild anxiety and none have severe anxiety. Five finger hypnotic treatment reduced 13 woman from mild anxiety to light anxiety and 17 woman constant Wilcoxon rank test 0,001. light anxiety (56,7%) and mild anxiety (43,3%) were presence in breast cancer woman, five fingers hypnotic treatment reduced  mild anxiety to light anxiety in breast cancer woman.

Key words : anxiety, breast cancer, five fingers hypnotic

Text lengkap : five fingers

HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI ORANG TUA PADA ANAK PRE OPERASI DENGAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN DI RUANG IBNU SHINA RS PKU. MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA

 

Yustati, Jenita Donsu, Nunuk Sri Purwanti

Abstract

Background: Children with surgery case in general will result in anxiety for parent. Most parent perceive every surgery treatment, regardless its complexity, as a great event and they react by anxiety and afraid in certain degree.
Objective: This research had objective to identify association of parent’s perception to pre-surgery child and anxiety level in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital Yogyakarta
Method: Non experiment with explanation research used two variables (parent perception on surgery treatment as independent variable and level of parent anxiety to pre surgery child patient as dependent variable). Population was parent of pre surgery child patient in Ibnu Shina room is opname in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital Yogyakarta from 16 April – 15 June 2008 with total of 42 people. Sample was taken with purposive sampling method so 30 respondent can be got . Data collection used questionnaire modified by Winarni. Data processing used Microsoft Excel 2003 and SPSS R. 16 with product moment correlation.
Result: Correlation test between parent perception to pre surgery child and anxiety level indicated r=0.388 and p=0.034, so there was low association between both variables
Conclusion: There is low association between parent perception to pre surgery child and anxiety level. Parent perception to surgery procedure had weak association with anxiety. However, there is no association between perception of parent of pre-surgery child on hospital environment and anxiety.

Keywords: Perception, anxiety, parent of pre-surgery child

Bibliografi : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.5, No.3, November 2009

Posted by : admin Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Posted on : 17 Nopember 2014

Text lengkapBahan Jurnal Hubungan persepsi orangtua pada anak preoperasi dgn tingkat kecemasan 

HUBUNGAN KADAR DEBU LINGKUNGAN KERJA, MASA KERJA DAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI DENGAN GEJALA SUBYEKTIF PNEUMOKONIOSIS PADA PEKERJA INDUSTRI BATU BATA DI DESA SITIMULYO, PIYUNGAN, BANTUL

Okvendri Abrihari*, Agus Suwarni**, Sigid Sudaryanto**

 

* JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi 3, Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, DIY 55293

email: okvendriabrihari@gmail.com

** JKL Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta

 

Abstract

 

One of negative impacts from industrial activity is pollution, such as the air one caused by indus-trial processing dust. The dust pollution particle if inhalated into respiratory tract can cause occu-pational diseases, i.e. pneumoconiosis, for the affected workers. The objective of the study was to determine the relationship betwen workplace dust levels, period of employment and the wear-ing of personal protective equipment, and subjective symptoms of pneumoconiosis among brick-making industry workers in Sitimulyo Village of Piyungan, Bantul, by conducting a cross sectional approached survey. There were 42 worker respondents from 10 brick industries who were inter-viewed for obtaining the data of employment period and symptoms of pneumoconiosis, and were also observed for gaining information about masker wearing, while the dust concentration were measured by using Staplex HVAS instrument. The results showed that half of the industries were exposed by dust level, higher than the threshold limit value; 61,90 % of the workers were aged more than 20 years old; 38,10 % of the workers did not wear mask; and 59,52 % of the workers were experiencing the subjective symptoms of the disease. Statistical analysis by using spear-man correlation test at 95 % degree of confidence, found that factors which were correlated with pneumoconiosis was period of employment (p = 0,008) and wearing mask (p = 0,010). However, workplace dust level was not found to be related with the disease (p = 0,097). It is advised for the workers to highly aware in wearing mask habitually as one of the preventive measures.

    

Keywords : dust level, employment period, personal protective equipment,  pneumoconiosis

 

Intisari

 

Salah satu dampak negatif dari kegiatan industri adalah timbulnya pencemaran, salah satunya berupa pencemaran udara oleh debu hasil kegiatan industri. Partikel penyebab pencemaran de-bu apabila masuk ke dalam saluran pernapasan dapat menimbulkan penyakit akibat kerja bagi penderitanya, seperti pneumokoniosis. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kadar debu lingkungan kerja, masa kerja dan penggunaan alat pelindung diri, dengan ge-jala subyektif pneumokoniosis bagi pekerja industri batubata yang ada di Desa Sitimulyo, Piyu-ngan, Bantul, dengan melakukan penelitian survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Ada 42 orang pekerja responden yang berasal dari 10 industri pembuatan batu bata di Desa tersebut yang diwawancara untuk mendapatkan data mengenai masa kerja dan gejala pneumokoniosis, serta diamati untuk mengetahui perilaku pemakaian masker. Adapun untuk kadar debu, peng-ukurannya menggunakan instrumen Staplex HVAS. Data hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa separuh dari industri batubata terpapar oleh kadar debu di atas NAB; 61,90 % pekerja berusia di atas 20 tahun; 38,10 % pekerja tidak menggunakan masker; dan 59,52 % pekerja mengalami gejala subyektif dari pneumokoniosis. Hasil uji korelasi spearman pada derajat kepercayaan 95 %, menemukan bahwa faktor yang berhubungan dengan gejala subyektif penyakit ini adalah masa kerja (p = 0,008) dan penggunaan masker (p = 0,010). Adapun kadar debu di lingkungan kerja ternyata tidak berhubungan (p = 0,097). Kepada pekerja disarankan agar memiliki kesadar-an tinggi untuk terbiasa memakai masker sebagai salah satu upaya perlindungan.   

   

Kata Kunci : kadar debu, masa kerja, alat pelindung diri, pneumokoniosis

Subject    :  Pencemaran Udara

Bibliografi : Sanitasi, Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, Vol.5, No.3, Februari, Hal 109– 115

Posted by : admin jurusan kesling

Posted on :  8 Oktober 2014

PENGARUH HYPNOBREASTFEEDING TERHADAP KECEMASAN DAN WAKTU PENGELUARAN AIR SUSU IBU PADA IBU POST PARTUM PRIMIPARA DI YOGYAKARTA

Yuni Kusmiyati, Heni Puji Wahyuningsih

ABSTRACT

Stress, anxiety and distress of mother can inhibit breast milk production. 80% mothers failure in breastfeeding are caused by psychological factors. Hypnobreastfeeding is a way to encourage breastfeeding mindset so mother can give and produce breast milk. The objective of this study is to know the effect of hypnobreastfeeding towards anxiety and the length of giving breast milk on primipara. This study was quasy experimental design, on 2013. Samples were all primipara postpartum mothers, with criterian: healthy spiritual (have no mental disorders), able to communicate, and breast didn’t produce milk yet, while died born baby as exclude. The independent variable was hypnobreastfeeding while the dependent variables were anxiety and the length of giving breast milk. Hypnobreastfeeding conducted with giving positive affi rmation and listening the song, anxiety used HRS-A (Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety) questionairre which consist of 14 groups of symptoms. Length of giving breast milk was collected by interview, it measured since baby born to the breast milk produced. Data was analyzed using paired t – test and independent samples used t-test, linear regression and ANOVA. The result shows that anxiety mean scores of the respondents in the pre-test of treatment group: 8.44, post-test: 1.41, while in the pre-test control group: 8.7, post-test: 9.44 . There’s differences on mean score pre and post test on treatment group (p=0.00) and there’s no differences mean score pre and post test on control group (p= 0.086). There’s hypnobreastfeeding effect on maternal anxiety (p = 0.00). The average length of giving breast milk 13.07 hours in the treatment group while the control group is 18.43 hours . There is the effect of anxiety with the length of giving breast milk(p= 0.005). There’s hypnobreastfeeding effect on the length of breast milk exclusion (p= 0.004).

Keywords : Hypnobreastfeeding , anxiety , time of breast milk exclusion.

 ABSTRAK

Perasaan stress, cemas dan tertekan yang dialami seorang ibu dapat menghambat produksi Air Susu Ibu (ASI). Kegagalan ibu menyusui dalam memberikan ASI, 80% disebabkan faktor psikologis. Hypnobreastfeeding adalah cara untuk mendorong pola piker dalam menyusui yang tepat sehingga dapat memperlancar pengeluaran ASI. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap kecemasan dan lama pengeluaran ASI pada ibu post partum primipara. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasy experimental design. Sampel adalah semua ibu nifas primipara hari ke-0 yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi sehat rohani (tidak mengalami kelainan jiwa), mampu diajak berkomunikasi, ASI belum keluar, dan kriteria ekslusinya bayi lahir mati. Variabel bebas yang diteliti adalah hipnobreastfeeding, sedangkan variabel terikatnya kecemasan dan lama pengeluaran ASI. Hipnobreastfeeding dilakukan dengan memberi afi rmasi positif diiringi lagu dari CD, kecemasan menggunakan kuesioner HRS-A (Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety) yang terdiri atas 14 kelompok gejala. Lama pengeluaran ASI diobservasi dan berdasarkan wawancara dengan ibu, diukur sejak bayi lahir sampai keluarnya ASI. Data dianalisis menggunakan paired t-test, independen sampel t-test, regresi linier dan Anova. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata skor kecemasan responden pada kelompok perlakuan pre-test: 8,44 post-test: 1,41, sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol pre-test: 8,7 post-test: 9,44. Ada perbedaan rata-rata skor pre dan post test pada kelompok perlakuan (p-value=0,00), dan tidak ada perbedaan rata-rata skor pre dan post test pada kelompok control (p-value=0,086). Ada pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap kecemasan ibu (p-value=0,00). Rata-rata lama pengeluaran ASI pada kelompok perlakuan 13,07 jam, sedang pada kelompok kontrol 18,43 jam. Ada pengaruh kecemasan dengan lama pengeluaran ASI (p-value=0,005). Ada pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap lama pengeluaran ASI (p-value=0,004). Kesimpulannya adalah ada pengaruh hypnobreastfeeding terhadap kecemasan dan lama pengeluaran ASI.

Kata kunci: Hypnobreastfeeding, kecemasan, waktu pengeluaran Air Susu Ibu

 

Type : Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan

Bibliografi :  Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan, Vol.12, No.2, November 2014

Posted by : admin jurnal

Posted on :  3 Nopember 2014